A Study Of Repentance
- SCRIPTURE READING: Acts
17:30-31 = "And the times of this
ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all
men every where to repent: Because he hath appointed
a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness
by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath
given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised
him from the dead."
- THE WORD REPENTANCE:
- This is a compound word:
- One part means the mind.
- The other part denotes a change.
- Specifically repentance means a
"change of mind" , or change of the
will, which is
the executive faculty of the mind.
21:28-31 = "But what think ye?
A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first,
and said, Son, go work today in my vineyard. He
answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented,
and sent. And he came to the second, and said
likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir:
and went not. Whether of them twain did the will of
his father? They say unto him, the first. Jesus
saith unto them verily I say unto you, that the
publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God
- In the moral or spiritual realm,
it means a turning from sin, motivated by godly
11:32 = "The men of Nineve shall
rise up in the judgment with this generation,
and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching
of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here."
3:10 = "And God saw their works,
that they turned from their evil way; and God
repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do
unto them; and he did it not."
Corinthians 7:10 = "For godly
sorrow worketh repentance to salvation
not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world
- According to the text (Acts
17:30-31) we can learn much about repentance:
A. DIVINE COMMAND: GOD "COMMANDETH
- Preached by John the Baptist.
3:1-2 = "In those days came John
the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea,
And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at
3:7-8 = "But when he saw many of
the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism,
he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath
warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring
forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:"
- Proclaimed by the twelve.
6:12 = "And they went out, and
preached that men should repent."
- Included in the great commission.
24:46-47 = "And said unto them,
Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to
suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And
that repentance and remission of sins should
be preached in his name among all nations, beginning
- Proclaimed by the Lord's apostles
as they preached during the great commission.
2:38 = "Then Peter said unto them,
Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name
of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall
receive the gift of the Holy Ghost."
Peter 3:9 = "The Lord is not slack
concerning his promise, as some men count slackness;
but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any
should perish, but that all should come to repentance."
- REPENTANCE WAS A UNIVERSAL NECESSITY:
- Because sin is universal.
3:9-18 = "What then? are we better
than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved
both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under
sin; As it is written, There is none righteous,
no, not one: There is none that understandeth,
there is none that seeketh after God. They are
all gone out of the way, they are together become
unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not
one. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their
tongues they have used deceit; the poison of
asps is under their lips: Whose mouth is full of cursing
and bitterness: Their feet are swift to shed blood:
Destruction and misery are in their ways: And the
way of peace have they not known: There is no fear
of God before their eyes."
3:23 = "For all have sinned,
and come short of the glory of God;"
John 1:8-10 = "If we say that we
have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth
is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful
and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse
us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we
have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his
word is not in us."
- Since sin is universal -- so
is repentance universal:
- All have sinned.
- All have to repent.
- Because sin is destructive:
- Sin works havoc in body, in soul,
and in Spirit
- Sin is associated with the darkness
of life: pain, shame, sorrow and death.
18:30-32 = "Therefore I will judge
you, O house of Israel, every one according to
his ways, saith the Lord GOD. Repent, and turn yourselves
from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall
not be your ruin. Cast away from you all your transgressions,
whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart
and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of
Israel? For I have no pleasure in the death
of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn
yourselves, and live ye."
13:3 = "I tell you, Nay: but, except
ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish."
6:7-8 = "Be not deceived; God is
not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall
he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall
of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to
the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting."
- A PRESENT OBLIGATION:
17:30 = "The times of this ignorance
God winked at, but now commandeth all men to repent."
- Because of past mercies of God
toward man, He "winked at", or "overlooked",
2:4 = "Or despisest thou the riches
of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering;
not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee
- Because of the new revelation from
God for man things have changed "but now".
- We now must walk in the light
of the Gospel of Christ.
Peter 2:9 = "But ye are a chosen
generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation,
a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the
praises of him who hath called you out of
darkness into his marvellous light."
- We must prepare ourselves.
12:47-48 = "And that servant,
which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself,
neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with
many stripes. But he that knew not, and did commit
things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes.
For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much
required: and to whom men have committed much, of him
they will ask the more."
- MAN IS REQUIRED TO REPENT DUE TO
17:31 = " Because he hath appointed
a day, in the which he will judge the world in
righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof
he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he
hath raised him from the dead."
A close observation of the text points out the requirement
(or demand) of repentance.
- The time is fixed: God has "appointed
9:27 = "And as it is appointed
unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:"
- The judgment will be universal:
"He will judge the world".
25:31-32 = "When the Son of man
shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with
him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:
And before him shall be gathered all nations:
and he shall separate them one from another, as a
shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:"
Peter 4:17 = "For the time is come
that judgment must begin at the house of God: and
if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of
them that obey not the gospel of God?"
- The standard of judgment has been
announced: "In righteousness".
12:48 = "He that rejecteth me,
and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth
him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge
him in the last day."
- The judge has been named: "By
that man whom he hath ordained;"
5:22 = "For the Father judgeth
no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:"
5:27 = "And hath given him authority
to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of
- God has give assurance to man of
this need of repentance: "Whereof he hath given
assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him
from the dead."
- The assurance proves:
- Jesus' claim that He is the Son
1:4 = "And declared to be the
Son of God with power, according to the spirit
of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:"
- Jesus' words are true, and His
Word will be out standard of judgment.
12:48 = "He that rejecteth me,
and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth
him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall
judge him in the last day."
- The resurrection of Christ from
the dead, denotes the certainty of a judgment
9:27 = "And as it is appointed unto
men once to die, but after this the judgment:"
- HAVE YOU REPENTED?
- It is commanded of God.
- Everyone must repent.
- There is no excuse acceptable to
keep from repenting.
- The judgment demands that we repent.
- WHY NOT NOW?
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